Be thoroughly familiar with all operating controls. Bicycle operation should be “second nature” so you can concentrate fully on traffic and road conditions.
Practice riding in a straight line until you are reliably in control. Practice riding along the striping in an empty parking lot or another area away from motor vehicle traffic.
If your bicycle is equipped with both front and rear brakes, always use both to maintain safe control of the bicycle. Applying only the front brake can result in the rider flipping over the handlebars. Applying only the rear brakes can cause the rear wheel to slide out to the side.
Avoid skidding by cautious application on sandy or icy surfaces.
ALWAYS WEAR A HELMET!
This section’s text was taken from The Colorado Bicycle Manual.